This is the story of America. Everybody's doing what they think they're supposed to do.

- Jack Kerouac, On The Road -


As anticipated in the previous article , the Globe Project - a study on cross-cultural leadership - groups the societal cultures object of the research into ten major culture clusters, characterised by nine cultural dimensions.

The guilt-based Anglo (Anglo-American, actually) cluster - that includes Australia, English speaking Canada, New Zealand, Ireland, UK, South Africa (white sample) and the United States of America - is characterised by direct communication (low-context cultures), a strong future orientation (monochronic time), high levels of individualism, a doing orientation, a competitive attitude, a moderate tolerance to risk, fairly low levels of power-distance.

In this cluster people tend to value individual rights and to believe that everyone is responsible for their own success, high-performance tends to be expected, material wealth is is admired: the society in the Anglo- American cluster favours high achievers and risk takers.

With regard to leadership, it’s worth noting that all the countries in this cluster are democracies: people expect to be involved in the decision- making process, to be able to share their view, to have the right to challenge authority figures. As a consequence, the ideal leader for Anglo- American societies is charismatic (inspirational/visionary/decisive), team- oriented and participative, while a self-protective leadership style (status conscious, self-centered) is not appreciated.


Related posts:

The Sub-Saharan Africa Cluster 
The Middle East Cluster 
The Latin Europe Cluster 
The Germanic Europe Cluster 
The Eastern Europe Cluster 
The Nordic Cluster 
The Latin America Cluster 
The Southern Asia Cluster 
The Confucian Asia Cluster 




- House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., & Gupta, V. (2004). "Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies". CA: Thousand Oaks

- Hall, E. T. (1959). “The Silent Language”. New York: Doubleday

- Hall, E.T. (1966). "The Hidden Dimension". New York: Doubleday 

- Hall, E. T. (1976). "Beyond culture". New York, NY: Doubleday

- The Globe Project, Online:

- Hofstede, Geert H. (1997). "Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind". New York: McGraw-Hill

- Herbert R. (1946). “The chrysanthemum and the sword: patterns of Japanese culture”. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Co.

- Kluckhohn, F. and Strodtbeck, F. (1961). "Variations in value orientation". New York: Harper Collins

- Gudykunst, W. B., & Kim, Y. Y. (1984). "Communicating with strangers: An approach to intercultural communication". New York: Random House

- Hiebert, Paul G. (1985). ”Anthropological Insights for Missionaries”. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House

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